A Beginner’s Guide to the Different Types of Door Hinges

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Though they are often overlooked, hinges are an important part of doors as they provide a flexible point that allow them to swing easily in one or both directions. Hinges also allows them to support their own weight when doing this.

But before finding the right one to install, it’s important that you understand how they work and what they are used for.

The Different Types of Hinges
The following are the most commonly used types of door hinges:

• Butt – The most commonly used hinge in almost everything from doors, to windows, and cabinets. There are different kinds of butt hinges, such as lift-joint (which has a pin connecting the two parts), rising (which is perfect for rooms with uneven floors), and ball-bearing (which is used for high-traffic entry points and larger, heavier doors).

• Flush – These hinges are smaller than your normal butt hinge since one leaf easily fits into the other. Because of this, they don’t need specific corners cut to accommodate them and results in a cleaner, more consistent look for the door.

• Spring – This is a type of hinge that automatically closes the door thanks to a spring that brings the door back to its closing position on its own. If you don’t want to have to install a door closing mechanism, this is the type of hinge you should go for.

• Pivot – If you want a hinge that keeps tall doors aligned, you should consider getting pivot joints.

• Concealed – Cabinet doors benefit greatly from concealed hinges since they’re usually hidden from sight outside the door, which is great for masking the little imperfections in your cabinets.

• Butterfly – The biggest difference butterfly hinges offer is their appearance, which is where they get their name from. Their decorative designs make them great for elegant doors and ornate cabinets.

• Piano – This hinge type needs to be installed across the whole length of the door, which means you only need one compared to the two or three of other types of hinges. You often see this type of joint on pianos, hence the name, but you can also see this in desktops or cupboard doors that require long hinges.

When installing door hinges, be sure to keep the type of door in mind. Not all types of hinges may work for the entry door or cabinet that you want to work on, and for screen doors, certain types of hinges such as the spring hinge may be better than a standard butt hinge.

It also helps to make sure that the door has the appropriate size and weight for the hinge. For instance, flush hinges won’t work on heavy wooden doors, and light doors that could easily be damaged may be better with a typical butt hinge instead of a spring hinge.

(Disclaimer: this list is compiled in no particular order.)

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